Describe the rise of conservative movement as seen in the presidential candidacy of Barry Goldwater (1964) and the election of Richard M. Nixon:  

Nixon Campaign: He used a strategy called Southern Strategy what this did was gain political support in the South by appealing to the racism against African Americans harbored by many southern white voters.

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reflection: although this strategy wasn’t the nicest strategy it work as far as gaining votes in the south. In modern day, President trump used this to also gain some votes which in the long run could’ve helped him.


SSUSH24: e

Explain the importance of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and the resulting developments; include Earth Day, the Creation of the EPA and modern day environmental policy:

Rachael Carson was marine biologist who wrote a book called Silent Spring. Only few books written changed history and hers is one of them. Silent Springs showed the dangers of using chemicals such as pesticides(DDT) could have on the environment. Her book which was sold to millions, pressured legislative to pass laws limiting the amount of harmful gases we can release into the air.


Earth Day: is an annual event celebrated on April 22. Worldwide, various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First celebrated in 1970, Earth Day events in more than 193 countries are now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.

NEPA: was the National Environmental Policy Act establishes the broad national framework for protecting our environment. EPA was established in December 1970 under United States President Richard Nixon. The EPA is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human and environmental health. They’re in charge of  Audit Policy (April 2000) which safeguards by regulated entities to voluntarily discover and fix violations of federal environmental laws and regulations.




Reflection: Rachael may have been disliked by some fertilizing companies but she help save our environment from mass destruction and led us to restriction we have today, with the help of her our world is green.


SSUSH24: d

Analyze Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Worker’s Movement:
Cesar Chavez was a union leader and labor organizer, who confounded National Farm Workers Association in 1962. Pushing nonviolent methods, Chavez drew attention for his causes with boycotts, marches and hunger strikes. It was very successful in that he was able to secure raises and improve conditions for farm workers in California, Texas, Arizona and Florida.

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Reflection: The untied farm workers proved to be a successful organization that fulfilled it purpose in helping low wages and improve working conditions. Chavez was a great man who contributed to our society gratefully.



SSUSH24: b

Describe the National Organization of Women (NOW) and the origins and goals of the modern women’s movement: 

Founding of NOW: The creation of NOW dates back to 1964 when the Civil Rights Act was trying to be passed. Once the civil rights act was passed a group of women started protesting that the sex-discrimination wasn’t being enforced and that it was going against the act. With the group of women being fed up with it they wanted to make a difference right then and there. That’s where the founder of NOW, Betty Friedan, stepped in and formed NOW a national organization of Women. This organization was created in 1966 and there responsibility was to push for an amendment to guarantee equal rights to both sexes, abortion rights, and end violence among women. Betty went on to write a book called Feminine Mystique where she broke the cultural norm that all women were god housewives. The group had a big influence in the Roe v. Wade court case. The Chief of Justice was no other than Earl Warren.

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1. 1 in 3 women worldwide experience some form of sexual violence or intimate partner violence.2. 1 in 6 men experience sexualviolence.3. Less than 50% of victims report these crimes.

Reflection: Betty and her group of women grabbed national attention and with the help of NOW, sex-discrimination is no longer legal. NOW was and still is fighting for equal rights and has had a huge impacted.


Compare and contrast the Student Non-violent coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) tactics; include sit-ins, freedom rides and changing composition: 

NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, there main goal is to insure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group citizens of United States and eliminate discrimination.

SNCC: The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: was meant to give younger people the chance help in the civil rights movement. They were meant for the mall but much needed work such as sit ins ans freedom rides, so that they can decrease segregation.

SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Conference: Was founded by MLK Jr., and there objective was to further black civil rights by using non-violent protest and boycotts to get there point across. This organization still continues to have influence on people all over the world.

SNCC summer of 1964, they organized a  voter registration drive, known as the Mississippi Summer Project, or Freedom Summer, the purpose of this was to increase voting registration in Mississippi.

Freedom rides: included both blacks and whites, rode buses into the South in the early 1960s in order to challenge racial segregation.
Sit-ins: a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.

December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott: was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. People would protest the segregation of buses by refusing to ride them or give up there seat. Rosa Parks began this protest by not moving to the black section of the segregated bus and she was arrested and fined.

Many African Americans were elected into their communities in 1960.

      1. University of California v. Bakke   – Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground: Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides Bakke a cause of action,  Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not prohibit the university’s race-based admissions program, The Equal Protection Clause permits race to be one factor, among many, in an admissions program.

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Reflection: Many different non-violent protest were used to gain civil rights, these include sit in and boycotting which are effective if performed correctly. Freedom rides were also used to protest peacefully and without any violence.




Describe the social and political turmoil of 1968;include the assassinations of MLK Jr, Robert Kennedy and the events surrounding the DNC:

In early 1968, just after 6 pm MLK was standing on his balcony in Memphis Tennessee when he was shot in the neck. He died soon after arriving at the hospital at the age of 38. The assassin’s name was James Earl Ray he was a troubled and poor man that committed many small crimes and had been in jail several times, reasoning behind the assassination of king if left unknown but some say there might have been a payout for his death.

MLK riots: these riots occurred the day after ,and continued for a couple weeks, king died. With the death of MLK some people felt like there luck had ran out and started riots in the cities. The main locations for these such riots were Los Angeles, NJ, Detroit, Newark. The affects were that hundreds of building were destroyed by arson, 300 were arrested for looting and many people died.

Robert F Kennedy: Bobbie was shot multiple times by 22-year-old Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan just after announcing  that the country was ready to end its fractious divisions in his presidential primary. The 22 year old shot Robert because he believed Kennedy was “instrumental” in the oppression of Palestinians.

1968 Chicago Democratic National Convention (DNC) riots: the causes were because of a disagreement over stances on Vietnam. Thousands of Vietnam protesters battle police, while the democratic party falls apart over internal disagreement. 

Anti-war Vietnam

Reflection: MLK JR. was an inspirational figure head who only saw what was right. He helped  millions of African Americans gain there civil liberties and led way to many other non violent protest to end segregation in public areas.


Explain Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society; include the establishment of Medicare: 

Great Society: was created by Lyndon B. Johnson, it was a series of domestic policies to bring aid to underprivileged Americans, regulating natural resources, and protecting american consumers. There were acts and bills passed that include highway safety act, and public broadcasting act.

Medicare: In 1965 president LBJ signed the Medicare act. The act was a health insurance program for elderly Americans. Th act was signed in amendment with the social security act of 1945. Some 19 million people enrolled in medicare when it went into effect in 1966. Medicare is funded entirely by federal funds and payroll taxes.

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Reflection: With the signing of medicare and the beginning of the great society, millions of people have been given an opportunity to redeem themselves if they were poor or elderly and had know where to go. LBJ effected millions and continued to give to the American people.