Compare and contrast the Student Non-violent coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) tactics; include sit-ins, freedom rides and changing composition:
NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, there main goal is to insure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group citizens of United States and eliminate discrimination.
SNCC: The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: was meant to give younger people the chance help in the civil rights movement. They were meant for the mall but much needed work such as sit ins ans freedom rides, so that they can decrease segregation.
SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Conference: Was founded by MLK Jr., and there objective was to further black civil rights by using non-violent protest and boycotts to get there point across. This organization still continues to have influence on people all over the world.
SNCC summer of 1964, they organized a voter registration drive, known as the Mississippi Summer Project, or Freedom Summer, the purpose of this was to increase voting registration in Mississippi.
Freedom rides: included both blacks and whites, rode buses into the South in the early 1960s in order to challenge racial segregation.
Sit-ins: a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.
December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott: was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. People would protest the segregation of buses by refusing to ride them or give up there seat. Rosa Parks began this protest by not moving to the black section of the segregated bus and she was arrested and fined.
Many African Americans were elected into their communities in 1960.
- University of California v. Bakke – Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground: Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides Bakke a cause of action, Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not prohibit the university’s race-based admissions program, The Equal Protection Clause permits race to be one factor, among many, in an admissions program.
Reflection: Many different non-violent protest were used to gain civil rights, these include sit in and boycotting which are effective if performed correctly. Freedom rides were also used to protest peacefully and without any violence.